One of the most popular day-trips from Bangkok is a visit to the town of Kanchanaburi to see the famous River Kwai Bridge that was immortalized in the 1957 movie The Bridge on the River Kwai. Kanchanaburi is just a few hours from Bangkok by train, bus, or van. You can either join an organized tour or make your own way there and back by public transport. Most sights in Kanchanaburi revolve around its WW2 history and apart from the bridge, there are three museums, two war Cemeteries, and the infamous Hellfire Pass.
The main point of interest is the Bridge over the River Kwai which was part of the infamous World War 2 Death Railway to Burma constructed by prisoners of war many of whom perished in the hellish conditions. The Curve shaped truss spans on either side are the originals from WW2 while the central part was rebuilt after the war as it had been destroyed by aerial bombing.
You can walk across the bridge via a walkway in between the tracks and ride across on a tourist train. The bridge is still in everyday use as part of the Bangkok-Nam Tok line. There are tourist trains to Nam Tok stopping at stations in between daily from the River Kwai Bridge station at 06.05, 11.00 and 14.30. Return trains are 12.55 and 15.15. Tickets are 100 baht. Pay on the train.
There are two war Cemeteries, the Kanchanaburi War Cemetery is the larger of the two and contains over 7000 graves mostly Australian, British and Dutch. The Cemetery is located on Sangchuto road just behind the park next to Kanchanaburi railway station and is open 07.00-14.00 daily.
The smaller Chung-Kai War Cemetery is on the site of a former POW camp 5 km from town and contains the graves of about 1700 British and Dutch prisoners of war. It is open from 07.00-17.00 daily.
There are three museums with the best one being the Thailand – Burma Railway Centre located next to the Kanchanaburi War Cemetery. The museum mainly concerns the Death Railway construction and route as well as a history of the war in Thailand. There are many interesting artifacts such as old photos and the personal effects of prisoners as well as video and interactive presentations. The museum is open from 09.00-17.00 daily and admission is 150 baht.
Near to the bridge is the World War 2 Museum though it’s more of a general Thai history museum with only a WW2 section in the basement. It does include some interesting stuff such as a collection of WW2 military vehicles, uniforms, weapons, tools, and an old steam train. Admission is 40 baht and it is open from 08.30-17.30.
The third museum is the JEATH War Museum (though confusingly the basement museum at the WW2 museum is also called the JEATH), and is housed in reconstructed bamboo huts like those that the prisoners of war slept in. The museum covers the construction of the railway and contains mainly photos and paintings as well as some clothes, personal effects, and weapons. It is open from 08.30-18.00 daily and admission is 40 baht.
The Death Railway
The other WW2 site to visit is Hellfire Pass. A railway cutting that was mainly cut by hand with hammers and chisels. It was built by Prisoners of war and other Asian laborers. They worked 18 hour days to make the cutting large enough for a train to pass through. The area was noted for the harsh terrain and conditions leading to a heavy loss of life amongst the workers.
Today Hellfire pass is no longer part of the railway. It has been excavated and preserved as a historical monument by the Australian and Thai governments. There is a memorial to those who died and a moving museum. There is a self-guided walking tour through the cutting and a 2.5 – 4km section of the railway bed. Admission is free.
Hellfire Pass is 80 km’s from Kanchanaburi but is usually on the itinerary of most tours and is also accessible by bus from Kanchanaburi bus station or by train to Nam Tok and then bus. There is a bus stop at the Hellfire Pass entrance. From Kanchanaburi or Nam Tok take the Sangkhlaburi bus. The buses depart from Kanchanaburi hourly from 07.30-16.30 (air-con) for 150 baht, and at 06.00, 08.40, 10.20, 12.00 (no air-con) at 100 baht. Ask to be dropped at Hellfire Pass. The last one departs Hellfire Pass back to Kanchanaburi at 17.00.
Getting To Kanchanaburi
Tours are the most convenient if you’re only on a short visit to Bangkok. They also avoid the hassle of public transport. There are many firms offering day tours to Kanchanaburi. Most will pick you up at your hotel early morning and return you early evening. There is usually some kind of lunch included. Check several operators for a schedule and itinerary that suits you as not all are the same. Day tours cost between 1100-3300 baht depending on operator and itinerary.
There are 2 daily trains departing from Thonburi Railway Station at 07.35 & 13.55. The journey takes 3 hours and costs 100 baht, No air-con. Thonburi Railway Station is 1 km behind Siriraj Hospital. Take the Chao Phraya Express Boat to Siriraj Pier.
Returning trains leave Kanchanaburi at 07.20 & 14.45. Kanchanaburi Train Station is located on Sangchuto road near the War Cemetery.